Jacques Callot was born in 1592 in Duchy of Lorraine and produced this print of St. Amandus (Amond) in the year 1630. Often employing great depth and perspective in his prints, Callot gives the viewer a sense of presence in this scene. It's as if the viewer is among the audience of St. Amandus' address. This scene, although unclear, is very likely St. Amandus converting the pagans of Flanders to Catholicism or his miracle of resurrection of a hanged criminal sometime after the year 638. His evangelical mission eventually led to the proliferation of Catholicism across the Netherlands and led to the largely religious subject matter of Renaissance and Baroque Dutch art.
The work is an etching; a process that uses chemistry to allow a metal plate, often copper, to be rendered acid proof by being coated in wax until etched into with another metal tool. The plate is then submerged in an acid to render the design more effectively for registration. The metal surface is then covered with ink and sent through a press to force the ink out of the grooves.
Second is The Star of the Magi, a print by Pieter de Molijn Molijn was an artist working during the Dutch Golden Age, and produced mostly landscape paintings. The engraving seen before you, however, attests to the wide variety of endeavors Molijn pursued during his career which included architecture, portraiture, and the scenes of everyday Dutch life. This particular scene depicts a group of Dutch folks singing in what appears to be a Kerstmis (Christmas) festival, which celebrated the birth of the Magi.
The artist behind the portrait, Anthony van Dyck was a highly regarded painter of Flemish descent who specialized in portraiture. From an early age, van Dyck displayed a keen talent for painting and was an accomplished artist by the age of fifteen. His talents led him to be appointed the official court painter of England and led him to be one of the most influential names in the English portraiture tradition. Van Dyck’s paintings and engravings hang in museums, galleries and private collections around the world. He is easily one of the most famous of his contemporaries.
The portrait depicts Franciscus van den Enden, the publisher of both van Dyck and his teacher Peter Paul Reubens. It is interesting to note that this print, like many by van Dyck, was commercially released after his death in 1641.
Likely born in Venice around 1611, Giulio Carpioni was an Italian painter and etcher of the early Baroque period. His subject matter was primarily historical or Biblical images, and his depiction of the Holy family was among this general oeuvre. He died at Verona in 1678 and was survived by his son, also an artist, Carlo Carpioni.